Judy A. Carman 1,2* , Howard R. Vlieger 3 , Larry J. Ver Steeg 4 , Verlyn E. Sneller 3 , Garth W. Robinson 5** , Catherine A. Clinch-Jones 1 , Julie I. Haynes 6 , John W. Edwards 2
1 Institute of Health and Environmental Research, Kensington Park, SA, Australia.
2 Health and the Environment, School of the Environment, Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA, Australia.
3 Verity Farms, Maurice, Iowa, USA.
4 Ana-Tech, Monroe, Wisconsin, USA.
5 Sioux Center Veterinary Clinic, Sioux Center, Iowa, USA.
6 School of Medical Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
* Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com.
** Present: Robinson Veterinary Services PC, Sioux Centre, Iowa, USA.
Biotechnology increases commercialization of food production, which competes with food for home use. Most people in the world grow their own food, and are more secure without the mediation of the market. To the extent that biotechnology enhances market competitiveness, world food security will decrease. This instability will result in a greater gap between rich and poor, increasing poverty of women and children, less ability and incentive to protect the environment, and greater need for militarization to maintain order. Therefore, biotechnology should be discouraged. An active program to protect and strengthen local food production and to decrease reliance on industrial agriculture should be promoted.
The health effects of a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize (from 11% in the diet), cultivated with or without Roundup, and Roundup alone (from 0.1 ppb in water), were studied 2 years in rats. In females, all treated groups died 2–3 times more than controls, and more rapidly. This difference was visible in 3 male groups fed GMOs. All results were hormone and sex dependent, and the pathological profiles were comparable. Females developed large mammary tumors almost always more often than and before controls, the pituitary was the second most disabled organ; the sex hormonal balance was modified by GMO and Roundup treatments. In treated males, liver congestions and necrosis were 2.5–5.5 times higher. This pathology was confirmed by optic and transmission electron microscopy. Marked and severe kidney nephropathies were also generally 1.3–2.3 greater. Males presented 4 times more large palpable tumors than controls which occurred up to 600 days earlier. Biochemistry data confirmed very significant kidney chronic deficiencies; for all treatments and both sexes, 76% of the altered parameters were kidney related. These results can be explained by the non linear endocrine-disrupting effects of Roundup, but also by the overexpression of the transgene in the GMO and its metabolic consequences.
¿No están los críticos de los alimentos transgénicos en contra de la ciencia? ¿No es el debate sobre los OGM (organismos genéticamente modificados) una disputa entre activistas emocionales, pero ignorantes por un lado, y los científicos racionales que apoyan los OGM por el otro?
Un nuevo informe publicado hoy, "Mitos y Verdades de los OGM" (GMO Myths and Truths) cuestiona estas afirmaciones. El informe presenta ?una gran cantidad de estudios revisados ??por científicos y otras evidencias de autoridades sobre los peligros para la salud y el medio ambiente que ejercen los cultivos y organismos genéticamente modificados (OGM)?.
Artículo reciente sobre la agroecología como un sistema eficiente para la agricultura de pequeña escala y la soberanía alimentaria.
También puede encontrar otros artículos relacionados al tema en www.agroeco.org (Agroecología en Acción) y www.redagres.org (Red Latinoamericana de Agricultura resistentes al cambio climático), un proyecto de la Sociedad Científica Latinoamericana de Agroecología (SOCLA).