Economic and environmental impacts of production intensification in agriculture: comparing transgenic, conventional, and agroecological maize crops
Adinor José Capellesso, Ademir Antonio Cazella, Abdon Luiz Schmitt Filho, Joshua Farley & Diego Albino Martins
A new study shows that glyphosate herbicide (e.g. Roundup) enhances the growth of aflatoxin-producing fungi.
GM Bt crops have long been touted as a solution to the problem of aflatoxins in grains. Aflatoxins are toxic and in some cases carcinogenic to animals and humans. The fungi that produce aflatoxins also cause plant diseases.
With the rapid growth of biofuel production and consumption, and the proliferation of policy decisions supporting this expansion, concerns about the biofuel sector’s environmental and social impacts are increasing. Consequently, a range of actors – among them governments, multilateral institutions, nongovernmental organisations and multistakeholder industry groups – have created sustainability frameworks, some mandatory, others voluntary. This report examines how the most developed sustainability frameworks for feedstock production (including biofuels) address key environmental issues. It identifies critical gaps in these frameworks and proposes areas for improvement. The frameworks analysed are the European Union Renewable Energy Directive (EU RED), Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels (RSB), Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), Round Table on Responsible Soy Association (RTRS), Better Sugarcane Initiative (BSI) and the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC).
A forester’s perspective
Enrique Riegelhaupt and Teresita Arias Chalico
SUPLEMENTO "EL JAROCHO CUANTICO"
Número especial de aniversario