Peligros y riesgos en salud humana por consumo de alimentos derivados de cultivos transgénicos y sus agrotóxicos asociados.
By Michael Antoniou
Genetic modification (GM) is a purely lab - oratory-based method that exploits the use of recombinant DNA or genetic engineering technology to produce novel varieties of crops. It represents a radically different approach to new crop production when compared to traditional plant breeding methods, and even those using approaches such as irradiation and chemical-induced mutation. The artificial nature of GM does not automatically make it dangerous and undesirable. It is the outcome of the GM process that gives cause for concern. GM allows the transfer of any gene from any source into a crop, thereby bringing about combinations of genes that would not occur naturally. In addition, the GM transformation process as a whole is highly mutagenic. These generic properties of GM combine to gener - ate a high risk of disturbing plant host gene function and biochemistry that could result in novel toxin and allergen production as well as a compromised nutritional value (for review see Antoniou et al., 2012).
A Testbiotech report by Andreas Bauer-Panskus, Sylvia Hamberger, Christoph Then
This “transgene escape” report documents several case studies where genetically engineered plants have spread uncontrolled into the environment. In some instances from North and Middle America, we can assume that transgenes from species such as bentgrass, oilseed rape and cotton have already escaped permanently into the environment or wild populations. In other cases such as maize (corn), rice and poplar there is a high likelihood that this will happen in the near future.
Jasmine George and Yogeshwer Shukla
Proteomics Laboratory, Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (CSIR), Mahatma Gandhi Marg, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226001, India
Correspondence should be addressed to Yogeshwer Shukla; yogeshwer firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 16 May 2013; Accepted 17 July 2013
Academic Editors: C. Feliciani and A. Zalewska
Copyright © 2013 J. George and Y. Shukla. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly
Bélin Poletto Mezzomo, Ana Luisa Miranda-Vilela*, Ingrid de Souza Freire, Lilian Carla Pereira Barbosa, Flávia Arruda Portilho, Zulmira Guerrero Marques Lacava and Cesar Koppe Grisolia*
Department of Genetics and Morphology, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Brasilia, Brasilia/DF, Brazil